Phase 1: Pre-Pour
The best time for the foundation inspection is typically two days prior to the actual pour day. This will ensure that the foundation is ready to inspect, as well as give the builder sufficient time to make any and all needed corrections or postpone the pour day.
The inspector will check:
- the vapor barriers, the form boards, rebar, rebar elevators, and any penetrations for proper barriers.
- for foreign objects anywhere the concrete will go that could leave a void after deterioration.
- the finished grade around the foundation to verify adequate site drainage.
Any foundation problems that are found can be quickly addressed with the builder.
Phase 2: Pre-Drywall
The second inspection should occur before beginning drywall and exterior finishes. This is also after framing is completed, the electrical wiring has been run, and the plumbing lines have been placed.
The inspector looks for:
- proper attachments to the foundation
- electrical wiring and termination
- plumbing setups, any disconnected plumbing
- nailing plates where required;
- and proper window operation.
The inspector will also observe:
- the ducts for damage or disconnection
- ensure fasteners are in all holes at the joist hangers
- verify that framing of the structure was completed to code
- check that flashing is placed around windows and other penetrations
- the exterior sheathing is sealed to create a water-resistive barrier.
The roof will not be inspected during this phase as it may not be finished. However, the inspector will check for obvious points of water entry.
Phase 3: Final Inspection
The final inspection should occur a few days before your scheduled walk-through with your builder. This final inspection satisfies the Standard of Practice, as outlined by the Texas Real Estate Commission (TREC).
The final inspection will focus on:
- and safety issues.
At this time, the inspector will:
- operate all appliances and fixtures
- check all outlets and lights
- run the heating and air
- ensure proper sealant in all necessary areas
- make sure windows and doors are opening/closing properly
- and complete all other aspects of a general home inspection.
The inspector will walk the roof if it is safe to do so.